Apply for LMIA

LMIA application Labor Market Impact Assessment 

There are different types of work permits available to people who are interested to work in Canada.
Most of the time the Temporary Foreign Worker needs a valid job offer supported by LMIA to be able to apply for a work permit in Canada. This kind of work permit is called a closed work permit.
This is the employer’s responsibility to apply for the LMIA through Service Canada or Employment And Social Development Canada (ESDC).
This approval letter is given to interested employers who can prove to ESDC that hiring a Temporary Foreign Worker will not negatively impact the labor market in Canada.
The processing time for LMIA application and the documents required depends on the type of the LMIA.
In general, there are two types of LMIA. High wage and low wage.

What is the difference between High wage and low age LMIA application

Every province determines a maiden wage. This maiden wage is directly related to the cost of living in that province. If the wage offered to the Temporary Foreign Worker is over that maiden wage determined for that particular province, the LMIA type will be called high-wage and if the wage offered is lower than maiden wage, It will be called a low wage LMIA.

High wage LMIA application

Employers who are looking to hire a Temporary Skilled worker or other foreign workers over the maiden wage of the province have to Apply for the high-wage LMIA.
Canadian employers who apply for this type of LMIA need to provide a transition plan at the time of application.
The purpose of this transition plan is to ensure that the employer will take the necessary steps to reduce the dependency on the Temporary Foreign Worker.
Employers must prove that hiring a Temporary Foreign Worker is their last resource to fill their labor shortage. If there is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident available for the job, then ESDC does not approve the LMIA.

Different important factors to get approval for a Labor Market Impact Assessment LMIA :

  • The working condition for the Temporary Foreign Worker
    • Whether or not the company applying for LMIA has or had any labor dispute
    • If the employer has laid any staff off in the past
    • The number of full-time employees, working in the company
    • The salary offered to the Temporary Foreign Worker.
    • The rate of unemployment in that area
    • Whether or not hiring a Temporary Foreign Worker can create a job for Canadians.
    • The Skill transferability of The Temporary Foreign Worker.
    • The type of effort the employer has made to recruit from the Canadian local labor market
    • whether or not the position offered is full time with a predetermined wage or not.

The maiden hourly wage for each province is as follows

Province/Territory Wages effective April 1, 2019 ($/hour)
Alberta $52.00
British Columbia $44.00
Manitoba $42.00
New Brunswick $39.00
Newfoundland and Labrador $43.96
Northwest Territories $58.60
Nova Scotia $40.87
Nunavut $55.00
Ontario $47.12
Prince Edward Island $37.50
Quebec $42.56
Saskatchewan $46.00
Yukon $48.00


The low wage LMIA application

If employers are interested to hire a Temporary Form Worker with a wage lower than the maiden wage for the province, then they have to apply for low-wage LMIA.
There is a limit to the number of low-wage foreign workers each business can recruit. This cap can be calculated by different factors for each business.
Each business with 10 Canadian employees can apply for one low wage LMIA.
For some low wage positions, it is very difficult to get an approved LMIA.
Employers obligations when applying for a low-wage LMIA:

  • They must pay for the Temporary Foreign Workers health insurance if he or she is not under the provincial health system.
    • give the TFW the employment contract
    • Each low wage TFW must be registered with a workplace safety board.
    • Pay for the TFW a round-trip ticket to the country of his or her origin.
    • Help the TFW to find suitable housing.
    Only Canadian employers in certain cities and regions with an unemployment rate of 6% or less can apply for the low wage and lower-skilled LMIA in the trade sector, foodservice sector, and accommodation.

How long the process of obtaining LMIA will take?
The processing time for each LMIA is different, some types of LMIA will be processed is a few weeks, whereas, for certain territories and provinces it may take a few months.
Fast track LMIAs
The shortest processing time belongs to jobs that are in high demand in that certain province or territory. January these positions play a major role in the growth of the Canadian economy and infrastructure development. The list is determined by ESDC.
The list of highest demand occupations are as follows:

7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
7271 Carpenters
7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry
8221 Supervisors, mining, and quarrying
8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services
8241 Logging machinery operators
8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors, and specialized livestock workers
9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators
7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
7233 Sheet metal workers
7235 Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters
7236 Ironworkers
7237 Welders and related machine operators
7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
7242 Industrial electricians
7243 Power system electricians
7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
7251 Plumbers
7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
7253 Gasfitters
7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
7314 Railway carmen/women
7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics
7371 Crane operators
7372 Drillers and blasters – surface, mining, quarrying, and construction
7373 Water well drillers
8231 Underground production and development miners
8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers, and related workers
9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators

General requirement to apply for LMIA:

1_To apply for LMIA, the language required should be only one of the Canadian official languages which are English or French.
2_There is a 4 weeks minimum advertisement requirement right before applying for LMIA. Employers need to make sure they have advertised in different methods and places to fill the labor shortage before applying to hire a temporary foreign worker.
3_each LMIA application processing fee is $1,000
In some cases, there’s another $100 privilege fee charged by ESDC.
4_to apply for low wage and highway LMIA employer need to attach a transition plan at the time of submitting the application. Transition plan employers must explain
how the employer transit the reliance from TFW to a Canadian citizen or permanent residence.
The employer has to prove what is their plan for hiring and training Canadians in the future.
The employer has to make an effort to turn the TFW to a Canadian permanent resident.
In the case where the employer has submitted a transition plan in the past for any temporary foreign worker here, she has to prove that the previous transition plan has been followed or in progress.
Exception: If the employer is applying for permanent resident LMIA they don’t need to attach any transition plan.
But in anyways employers must attest that they cannot lay off the TFW.

You can read about the latest updates on LMIA application processing time and the LMIA accelerated processing time, and how to obtain a work visa read on our website
We have been helping employers to solve their labor shortage problem and applying for a different type of LMIA application for years.
If you require assistance to apply for LMIA, our team of experts is always pleased to help you with a very competitive rate. Please leave us your basic information and one of our specialist will get back to you as soon as possible